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7 things should be done well in winter chicken raising

2021-01-13

Although it is simple to raise chickens, it is necessary to have solid breeding techniques to better raise chickens and ensure that the chicken farms obtain good economic benefits. In different seasons, the considerations for chicken breeding are also different. In the cold winter, as a chicken breeder, you should pay attention to the following 7 key tasks on the basis of conventional breeding techniques.

1. Keep cold and warm
 
The climate is cold and changeable in winter, which brings a lot of inconvenience to chicken production, especially the effect of low temperature on laying hens is very obvious. Under normal circumstances, you can appropriately increase the stocking density, close the doors and windows, add grass curtains, drink warm water, and heat the stove to keep the temperature of the chicken house between 3°C and 5°C.
 
2. Moderate ventilation
 
In winter, due to the low temperature, the doors and windows of the chicken house are tightly closed, and the ventilation is reduced. However, the exhaust gas from chickens and the ammonia, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and other harmful gases produced by the fermentation of chicken manure still exist, which can easily induce respiratory diseases of chickens. Therefore, it is necessary to properly handle the relationship between ventilation and warmth, and remove the feces and debris in the chicken house in time. When the weather is good at noon, windows should be opened for ventilation to make the air in the house fresh and sufficient oxygen.
 
3. Reduce moisture
 
In winter, the ventilation in the chicken house is small, and the amount of water evaporation is reduced. In addition, the hot air in the house will condense into a large number of water droplets when it contacts the cold roof and walls, causing excessive humidity in the chicken house, creating a large number of bacteria and parasites. condition. Therefore, we must strengthen management, pay attention to keeping the chicken coop clean and dry, repair the damaged sink in time, avoid overfilling when adding water, and it is strictly forbidden to splash water on the floor of the house.
 
4. Regular disinfection
 
The disinfection work should run through the whole process of raising chickens. In winter, the temperature is lower and the frequency of bacterial activity decreases. However, in the cold winter, the chicken's resistance is generally weakened. If disinfection is neglected, it is very easy to cause disease outbreaks.
 
5. Supplement lighting
 
In winter, the nights are long and the days are short, and the laying hens will decrease the laying rate due to insufficient light. In order to overcome this natural defect, artificial supplementary lighting can be used to make up. Under normal circumstances, the total time of sunlight per day should not be less than 14 hours, nor more than 17 hours. For example, the natural light during the day is 12 hours, and artificial supplementary light is required for 2-5 hours a day.
 
6. Increase energy
 
Chickens obtain heat energy to maintain their body temperature by eating the feed in the body. The lower the outside temperature, the more heat energy the chickens will use to keep out the cold. According to the measurement, the feed consumption of chickens in winter increased by 10% compared with other seasons. Therefore, in the winter chicken feed must ensure sufficient energy, in addition to ensuring a certain proportion of protein, high-energy feed containing more starch and sugar should be appropriately increased to meet the physiological and production needs of chickens.
 
7, enhance physical fitness
 
In winter, the resistance of chickens decreases, so special attention should be paid to epidemic prevention and disease prevention, and regular vaccination should be carried out. According to the actual situation, some preventive drugs can also be fed regularly to appropriately increase the content of vitamins and trace elements in the feed.


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