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How to incub chicks using an incubator

2018-09-25

 1.Select the location of the incubator.
To keep your hatching at a constant temperature, place the incubator wherever the temperature fluctuations are as small as possible. Do not place it near a window that is exposed to direct sunlight. The sun can warm the incubator to kill developing embryos.

2.Skilled operation of the incubator.

Be sure to read the instructions for the incubator carefully before starting to hatch eggs. Be sure to know how to operate the fan, lighting and other function keys.

3.Adjust the parameters.
In order to successfully incubate, the parameters of the incubator must be checked. From preparing to hatch to receiving eggs, you should adjust the parameters in the incubator to an optimal level.

Temperature: Egg hatching temperature is between 37.2-38.9 °C (37.5 °C is ideal). Avoid temperatures below 36.1 ° C or above 39.4 ° C. If the temperature exceeds the upper and lower limits for several days, the hatching rate may be seriously reduced.

Humidity: The relative humidity in the incubator should be maintained at 50% to 65% (60% is ideal).

4. Put eggs.
If the internal conditions of the incubator have been set and monitored for at least 24 hours to ensure stability, you can put the eggs. Put at least 6 eggs at a time.

Heat the eggs to room temperature. Heating the eggs will reduce the temperature fluctuations in the incubator after you add the eggs.

Carefully place the eggs in the incubator. Make sure the eggs are on both sides. The larger end of each egg should be slightly above the tip. Because if the tip is high, the embryo may be misplaced, and it may be difficult to break the shell when the hatching time is up.

5.Reduce the temperature.
The temperature will temporarily decrease after the eggs enter the incubator.

6.Record the date to estimate the hatching date of the egg.
Eggs need to be hatched for 21 days at the optimum temperature. Older eggs and eggs placed at low temperatures may delay hatching! If after 21 days your eggs have not hatched, give them some time.

7.Turn the eggs every day.
Eggs should be turned over three times a day at least regularly.

When manually turning eggs, you must wash your hands to avoid sticking bacteria and grease to the eggs.Stick to the egg until the 18th day, then stop to let the chicks find a suitable angle to hatch.

8.Adjust the humidity level in the incubator.
The humidity should be maintained at 50% to 60% throughout the incubation period. In the last 3 days, it will be increased to 65%. The level of humidity depends on the type of egg.Regularly replenish the water in the water tray, otherwise the humidity will drop too low. Be sure to add warm water.

9.Ensure ventilation.
The incubator has openings on both sides and at the top for air flow checks to ensure that at least a portion of these openings are open. Increase the amount of ventilation when the chicks begin to hatch.

10. Check the eggs 7-10 days later.
Checking the eggs is to use the light source to see how much space the embryos in the egg occupy. After 7-10 days, you should see the development of the embryo. A light check can easily identify those malnourished eggs.

Find a tin box that can hold a light bulb.Dig a hole in the tin box.Turn on the lamp.Take a hatched egg and look at the light from the hole. If the egg is transparent, the embryo is not developing and the egg cannot be propagated. If the embryo is developing, you should be able to see a sly object. Gradually close to the hatching date, the embryo will become larger.Take away eggs that are not developing embryos in the incubator.

11. Prepare for incubation.
Stop flipping and rotating the eggs 3 days before the expected hatching date. Most well-developed eggs will hatch within 24 hours.

Place gauze under the egg tray before hatching. Gauze collects eggshells and substances produced during hatching.Close the incubator until the end of the incubation.

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