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The advantages of intelligent lighting for laying hens

2020-11-25

As we all know, light is an indispensable key factor in poultry production. Proper lighting conditions have a positive impact on the growth and development of poultry bodies, and can promote the normal development of the body's genetic potential. As the current economic profit of layer breeding continues to decline, in view of the important role of the light environment in the growth process of layers, how to reduce the cost of light in production, ensure the healthy growth and development of chickens, and increase the survival rate has become a key technology. The Huairou District Beijing Kanghong Poultry Industry Co., Ltd. adopts a new type of intelligent lighting system for poultry houses, which is composed of intelligent control terminals, sensors and lighting terminals. The operator only needs to make simple settings to realize the lighting of the poultry houses. automation.

 
The traditional lighting technology is a constant incandescent lamp or LED lamp. As the age of the chickens and production conditions change, the light intensity and light time must be adjusted manually. This system is developed and designed by the Beijing Municipal Animal Husbandry Environmental Monitoring Station. The luminous light source uses cold cathode energy-saving lamps, and is equipped with light sensors and intelligent control terminals to achieve simple management and energy-saving lighting effects.
 
Intelligent realization of scientific light supplement
 
Intelligent lighting technology is based on the organic combination of cold cathode fluorescent lamps and intelligent control. This technology adds sensor systems, intelligent control systems, cold cathode fluorescent lamps and other equipment to the breeding process, and through the automatic monitoring and intelligent regulation of the lighting environment in the poultry farms, it finally realizes the scientific compensation in the poultry farms. Light.
 
Environmentally friendly, durable and energy-saving
 
The cold cathode energy-saving lamps used in the technology have rich colors, small tube size, light weight, simple structure, quick start at low temperature, small surface temperature rise, high brightness, high efficiency, and easy processing into various shapes (straight tube shape). , L-shaped, U-shaped, ring, etc.), long service life, good color rendering, uniform light emission, etc. When reaching the same lumens, the power consumption is only about 10%-20% of incandescent lamps; compared with fluorescent lamps, the light efficiency is slightly lower, but the life span is four to five times that of fluorescent lamps, and the mercury content in the tube is extremely low or It is completely mercury-free, avoiding the pollution problem of mercury vapor; compared with LED lamps, it has good color rendering performance, no glare, and low price.
 
One light bulb handles the whole production process
 
The light time and intensity of brooding period, rearing period, and laying period are different. In the past, the replacement of light bulbs was done manually in the production process. This technology uses an intelligent controller to adjust the frequency of alternating current, thereby changing the light illuminance changes, realizing a light bulb "fixed" the entire production process, greatly reducing the human and material input in the breeding process.
 
Installation conditions and advantages
 
(1) The main power load must be sufficient, with a voltage of 220v (±10%); (2) With leakage protectors, fuses and other devices; (3) Master the use of perfect lighting system.
 
Features and advantages:
 
(1) Good applicability. The light intensity can be adjusted at any time according to the requirements of the breeding species for the light intensity, so that the light intensity can meet the breeding requirements of each species, and completely cover the poultry breeding species in this city. (2) Save energy input. The data shows that the cold cathode fluorescent lamp used in the system realizes scientific light supplementation and intelligent adjustment, and its energy saving effect is more significant. The electric energy input is about 50% of traditional lighting. (3) The light color of the light source is close to natural light, which can effectively increase the production capacity. The application of this system can increase the laying rate of laying hens and the weight gain rate of broilers by 1%, which can bring considerable economic benefits.
 
Related Links
 
Precautions for raising layers in spring
 
The spring climate changes from cold to warm, the temperature gradually rises, and the sunshine gradually increases, which is a good season for chickens to lay eggs. But at this time, due to the gradual warming of the temperature, it is easy to relax the management, and it will also have more or less impact on the chickens. Therefore, this season should pay more attention to the following management matters:
 
Strengthen management
 
Strengthen feeding management, improve the environmental conditions of the chicken house, so that the chickens can live in an environment that adapts to their growth and development, so as to enhance the body's disease resistance. In feeding, attention should be paid to the supply of full-price and high-quality feed for chicken growth and production. The nutrients in the feed should meet the needs of its growth and production, especially the supply of vitamins should be sufficient, and a certain proportion of protein should be guaranteed. Increase the high-energy feed containing more starch and sugar to meet the physiological and production needs of chickens. Drinking water should be clean and clean. Be careful in management, always observe the flock and pay attention to the changes in the flock.
 
Insulation and ventilation
 
Try to keep the temperature of the laying hen house at 17°C-21°C, and at the same time coordinate the ventilation. Open doors and windows every noon when the temperature is high to exhaust harmful gases.
 
Supplement light
 
The early spring nights are long and the days are short, and the laying hens will decrease the laying rate due to insufficient light. Artificial supplementary light can be used. Under normal circumstances, the total time of light per day is 14-17 hours. The intensity of supplementary artificial light is 2-4 watts per square meter of chicken house area.
 
Regular disinfection
 
In the spring, the temperature is low and the frequency of bacterial activity decreases, but it can multiply in large numbers under suitable conditions and endanger the chickens. The resistance of chicken bodies is generally weakened in spring. If disinfection is neglected, disease outbreaks and epidemics will be easily caused, which will cause huge economic losses. Therefore, the chicken farm should adopt the method of drinking water disinfection, that is, add disinfectant in proportion to the water and drink it once a week.
 
Prevent stress
 
Chickens are timid, easily frightened, and very sensitive to changes in the external environment. Therefore, work such as feeding, adding water, picking eggs, and cleaning should be gentle, and strangers and other animals are strictly prohibited from entering the chicken house. If there is a strong sound from the outside, the breeder must enter the chicken house in time, and can also add an appropriate amount of vitamins to the feed or water to reduce the loss caused by the stress response.
 
Strict immunity
 
Do a good job of vaccinating the chickens to make the chickens produce enough antibodies to enhance the chickens’ resistance to infectious diseases. To formulate an immunization plan, spring is the intensive immunization period, and we must strengthen immunity against avian influenza, Newcastle disease, chicken infectious bursal disease, chicken leukemia, chicken reticuloendotheliosis, chicken infectious anemia, chicken Marek’s disease, etc. jobs. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen supervision, accurate diagnosis, and rational use of drugs.
 
Efficient use of "five agents" for chicken raising
 
Raising chickens skillfully uses the following "five agents", which has a significant effect on the health care, epidemic prevention, weight gain and egg production of chickens.
 
●Stomach-strengthening agent The main ingredient is sodium sulfate, which has the functions of invigorating the stomach, increasing appetite, and stimulating substance metabolism. Adding 0.25% sodium sulfate to the diet can effectively prevent many gastrointestinal diseases in chickens.
 
● Stimulants Adding ginger, onion, garlic, pepper, etc. to the diet can stimulate the gastrointestinal tract, increase appetite, and reduce disease.
 
●Adsorbent Add 0.3 grams of charcoal powder as an adsorbent in the diet, which has the function of cleaning the stomach and intestines, eliminating toxic gases in the body, promoting weight loss and increasing egg production in hens with too little fat.
 
●Disinfectant has a kind of potassium permanganate commonly known as "PP" powder, which has the functions of disinfection, sterilization, deodorization, antiseptic, astringent, etc., allowing chickens to drink 0.1% potassium permanganate aqueous solution, which can effectively prevent chicken gastrointestinal inflammation Sexual disease.
 
●Friction agent Add 50-100 grams of fine sand per kilogram of chicken feed as a friction agent to help intestinal wall friction, digestion and absorption of nutrients in the feed, which can improve feed utilization and reduce feeding costs.


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